Mauritius

Île aux Cerfs IslandThe Republic of Mauritius is a small island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometers (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African Continent.

The country includes the islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, 560 kilometres (350 mi) east of the principal island, the islands of Angalega and Saint Brandon.

Mauritius claim sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago situated 1,287 kilometer (800 mi) to the north east, the United Kingdom excised the archipelago from it territory prior to Mauritius independence and gradually depopulate the island’s population. The islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues and La Réunion 170 km (110 mi) form part of the Mascarene Islands. The area of the country is 2’040 km2, with its capital Port Louis.

The island of Mauritius is relatively young geologically, having been created by volcanic activity some 8 million years ago. Together with Saint Brandon, Réunion and Rodrigues, the island is part of the Mascarene Islands. These islands have emerged from the abysses as a result of gigantic underwater volcanic eruptions that happened thousands of kilometres to the east of the continental block made up by Africa and Madagascar. They are no longer volcanically active and the hotspot now rests under Réunion island. There has been no active volcano on Mauritius island for more than 100,000 years. Mauritius is encircled by a broken ring of mountain ranges, varying in height from 300 meters to 800 meters above sea level. The land rises from coastal plains to a central plateau where it reaches a height of 670 meters, the highest peak is in the southwest, Piton de la Petite Riviére Noire at 828 metres (2,717 ft). Streams and rivers speckle the island, a lot of them are formed in the cracks created by lava flows.

The island of Mauritius is situated some 2,000 kilometers (1242 miles) off the south east coast of the African continent, it is 65 km long and 45 km wide, its land area is 1,864.8 km. Mauritius is surrounded by more than 150 kilometres (93 miles) of white sandy beaches and the lagoons are protected from the open sea by the world’s third largest coral reef, which surrounds the island. Just off the Mauritian coast lie some 49 uninhabited islands and islets, some of them are used as natural reserves for the protection of endangered species.

The first Portuguese explorers found no indigenous people living on the island in 1507. The Dutch settled on the island in 1598 and abandoned it in 1710. Five years later, the island became a French colony and was renamed Isle de France. The British took control of Mauritius in 1810 during the Napoleonic Wars. The country remained under British rule until it became an independent Commonwealth realm on 12 March 1968 and a republic within the Commonwealth on 12 March 1992.

The country is multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, most Mauritians are multilingual; English, French, Creole and Asian languages are used.

Some people will remember the story of the Dodo bird, which became extinct fewer than eighty years after its discovery.

Mauritius Botanical Garden

Mauritius Botanical Garden, also known as Pamplemousses Garden and SSR Botanical Garden, is one of the most popular tourist attraction in Mauritius, and is located near Port Louis. It is the oldest botanical garden in the Southern Hemisphere. The spectacular garden was built by Pierre Poivre in 1767, and covers an area of around 37 hectares. The botanical garden is most famous for its giant water lilies, spice garden and unique collection of 85 varieties of palms from Central America, Asia, Africa and the islands around the Indian Ocean.

Black River Gorges National Park

Black River Gorges National Park is a national park stretching on an area of 6,574 hectares in the hilly south-western part of Mauritius.
It was constructed in Mauritius Black River Gorges Nature Reserve order to save the natural vegetation of the island and make it one of the most important Mauritius sightseeing. One can walk along the greenery and reach the highest point of the island, which is the Black River Peak.
Facilities for visitors include two information centres, picnic areas and 60 kilometres of trails.
The Black River Gorges National park protects most of the island’s remaining rainforest and is home to many species of wild animals and birds.
Many endemic plants and animals can be found in the park including the Mauritian flying fox, Mauritius kestrel, pink pigeon, Mauritius parakeet, Mauritius cuckoo-shrike, Mauritius bulbul, Mauritius olive white-eye, Mauritius grey white-eye and Mauritius fody.

Île aux Cerfs Island

Île aux Cerfs Island, known in English as the deer island is an island near the east coast of Mauritius in the Flacq district. Ile Aux Cerfs is famous for its sandy beaches, beautiful lagoon and big selection of activities and facilities. In Ile Aux Cerfs you are sure to have a day of relaxation and fun on one of the picture-postcard beaches, and to enjoy a swim and snorkeling in the lagoon. This paradise island of Mauritius constitutes of around 100 hectares of land. Nowadays there are no more deers on the island, but you will find there some of the worlds beautiful beaches and as such it is one of the must place to visit and see in Mauritius.

Port Louis

Port Louis is the capital city and main port of Mauritius, Port Louis was constructed in the year 1735 by the noted French governor, Mahe de Labourdonnais. Today Port Louis is the largest city in Mauritius. Port Louis is surrounded by a mountain range, called the Port Louis Moka Range which makes it worth watching. Mauritius Capital Port Louis Port Louis has conserved many historic and colonial buildings through the years. One of them is a fortification named Fort Adelaide or La Citadelle, built by the British in 1835.
The latter dominates the city. The main tourist attractions in Port Louis include the Caudan Waterfront, Port Louis Bazaar, Police Barracks, the Mauritian Chinatown and the old Port Louis theatre. The capital has also three museums which are: the Blue Penny Museum, the Mauritius Natural History Museum and the Mauritius Stamp Museum. Also, the biggest and oldest post office in Mauritius is found in Port Louis near the Caudan Waterfront. At the city centre there are a number of French styled buildings, which enhances the charm of Port Louis. Port Louis is definitely a must place to see and visit during your visit to Mauritius.

Genreal information?Mauritius

The Republic of Mauritius is a small island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometers (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African Continent. The country includes the islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, 560 kilometres (350 mi) east of the principal island, the islands of Angalega and Saint Brandon.

Mauritius claim sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago situated 1,287 kilometer (800 mi) to the north east, the United Kingdom excised the archipelago from it territory prior to Mauritius independence and gradually depopulate the island’s population. The islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues and La R?union 170 km (110 mi) form part of the Mascarene Islands. The area of the country is 2?040 km2, with its capital Port Louis.

Currency

The currency of Mauritius is the Rupee, subdivided into 100 cents. It is however likely that you accommodation, car rental and other tourism services will be charged in EURO.

Climate and temperature

Mauritius is a good year round destination. The water is warmest during the summer months from November to May, but this is also the wet season, so it’s more humid. If you want to enjoy the towns of Mauritius as well as the beaches, the best time to go is during the drier winter months (May – November). Temperatures can still reach 28 Celsius during the day.

Transportation

Transport in Mauritius has been free for students, the disabled and seniors since July 2005. There are currently no railways in Mauritius, there were previously industrial railways, but these have been abandoned. To cope with increasing road traffic congestion, a Light Rail Transit system has been proposed between Curepipe and Port Louis. The main harbour where international trade is handled and Cruise Terminal is found at Port Louis. The main airport is Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport with its new airport since 2013.

Passports and visa

Visa for Mauritius is issued by the local Mauritian Embassy or Consular service. Depending on the country of origin, a visa exemption may apply for certain countries while others need to apply for visa

Language

Being both an English-speaking and French-speaking nation, Mauritius is a member of both the Commonwealth of Nations and the Francophonie.

English is generally accepted as the official language of Mauritius and as the language of government administration, the courts and business. The Mauritian population is multilingual and most people are equally fluent in English and French. In Mauritius, people switch to languages according to the situation; French and English are favoured in educational and professional settings while Asian and Creole are also common languages.

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